We've learned from Dr. Sheehy:

Attack on Jonang Dharma


  1. Thuken claims that Jonang Dharma says that an eternal self exists and therefore is an extremist view.

Jonang Dharma says that relative reality is rangtong or intrinsically devoid of fixity.

  1. Thuken claims that Jonang Dharma says that the intrinsic nature of mind is defiled.

Jonang Dharma says that the clear light of mind is devoid of intrinsic defilement.





覺囊法說“現象法界 是 自空 ,本來無常”



Michael Sheehy, Ph.D.

is a scholar of Tibetan Buddhism contemplative sciences and literature. He is the Director of Programs at the Mind & Life Institute where he leads the collaborative design and implementation of interdisciplinary dialogues and educational programs in contemplative sciences. Concurrently, Michael holds a faculty appointment in the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Virginia where he collaborates with the Contemplative Sciences Center and Tibet Center. He was a 2016 Visiting Scholar at Harvard Divinity School.
Michael trained in monastic settings throughout Asia, including three years studying in a Buddhist monastery in the Golok region of far eastern Tibet. For eight years, Michael directed research at the Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center where he led initiatives to digitize rare manuscripts in Tibet and architect the encyclopedic digital library of Tibetan literature, founded by the late Tibetologist E. Gene Smith (1936-2010). Together with Jonang exemplars, he co-founded the Jonang Foundation, an international nonprofit that preserves and promotes research on the little-known Jonang tradition of Tibetan Buddhism.
Michael’s writings and research give attention to Buddhist contemplative techniques and first-person Tibetan life writings on consciousness and its transformations.