Hookham’s discoveries on the shentong view are:
    1. The establishing of empty nature of illusion (rangtong) is to discover the Reality of the Absolute Buddha Wisdom Mind (Paramarthabuddhajnana)
    2. The Emptiness of the Buddha Wisdom Mind is unspoilt, untainted, unobstructed, and free
    3. The Buddha Wisdom Mind is empty of any faults or limiting factors

    1. 建立假象自性空(rangtong,自空見)的目的是要找到超脫於思惟分別心所能觸及真實的絕對佛智心(Paramarthabuddhajnana)
    2. 佛智心的空性是不壞,不染,無礙和自在的。
    3. 佛智心是沒有任何過失或限制因素的。


    Susan Kathryn Rowan, known as Shenpen Hookham is a Buddhist teacher who has trained for over 50 years in the Mahamudra and Dzogchen traditions of Tibetan Buddhism.


    Lama Shenpen was born Susan Kathryn Rowan in Essex, England, in 1946. She first encountered

    Buddhism while studying Geography and Sociology at Reading University, where she became secretary of the University Buddhist Society and had early encounters with Sangharakshita and Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche. amongst others.

    In the early 1970s, on the advice of Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche, Lama Shenpen went to India where she lived as a nun for six years, ordained by the 16th Karmapa. There she studied and meditated in retreat under the guidance of Tibetan teachers such as Karma Thinley Rinpoche, Bokar Rinpoche and Kalu Rinpoche. Rangjung Rigpe Dorje, the 16th Karmapa and head of the Kagyu tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, subsequently instructed her to return to the West to teach Mahamudra.

    She met her main teacher, Khenpo Tsultrim Gyamtso Rinpoche, in Europe, and he encouraged her to teach and transmit Mahamudra, the innermost teachings of the Kagyu tradition. On her later return to England, she met and married Rigdzin Shikpo Rinpoche (Michael Hookham), an early pupil of Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche and Dharma Director of the Longchen Foundation (formerly the Chöd Group) since its inception in 1975.

    Lama Shenpen is fluent in Tibetan and was the translator for many Tibetan teachers, including Gendun Rinpoche.



    Lama Shenpen Hookham, a female Buddhist teacher based in the UK, founder of the Awakened Heart Sangha and principal teacher of the Living the Awakened Heart Training – the experiential, distance learning course in Buddhist meditation, reflection and insight.

    Lama Shenpen Hookham has led a fascinating life with over fifty years dedicated to Dharma, training in the Mahamudra & Dzogchen traditions of Tibetan Buddhism, under the guidance of some of the foremost Tibetan Buddhist teachers of our time from the Kagyu and Nyingma schools.

    Lama Shenpen has spent over 12 years in retreat and has translated a number of Tibetan texts into English for her students. On Khenpo Rinpoche’s instructions she produced a seminal study of the profound Buddha Nature doctrines [according to the Shentong interpretation of the Ratnagotravibhaga], published as The Buddha Within, and gained a doctorate in this from Oxford University. Lama Shenpen has become well known for this important study and her Shentong teachings.

    Sources: The Buddha Within – Tathagatagarbha Doctrine According to the Shentong Interpretation of the Ratnagotravibhaga by S. K. Hookham




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